By William F. Buckingham
Massed artillery was once hired on a hitherto exceptional scale; the preliminary bombardment lasted for 9 hours and observed 80,000 shells fall at the French trench line, whereas at the flooring the preliminary assault observed the strive against debut of storm-troop strategies and the man-pack flamethrower. because the conflict raged the warring parties persevered warmth and thirst resembling wasteland stipulations including bottomless dust as undesirable as at Passchendaele. moreover, mounted defences just like the forts of Douaumont and Vaux sparked hellish underground battling in subterranean pitch darkness that happened nowhere else at the Western Front.
The end result was once nearly two hundred sq. kilometres of flooring that have been blasted, ploughed and poisoned right into a desolate tract via explosives and fuel, a lot in order that the post-war French professionals have been not able to come it to its former agricultural use and easily left it to the elements.
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Verdun 1916: The Deadliest Battle of the First World War by William F. Buckingham