Ralph Myers's Persistence of Authoritarianism in the Middle East and North PDF

By Ralph Myers

clinical Essay from the yr 2009 within the topic Politics - overseas Politics - area: close to East, close to Orient, grade: 75%, Dublin urban college, path: diplomacy, language: English, summary: The area of the center East and North Africa (MENA) seems to be an exception by way of the endurance of authoritarianism. while so much different areas on this planet have embarked upon a course of democratisation, tendencies within the MENA seem to be adversarial. not just is the MENA’s list appalling when it comes to electoral democracies, however the quarter, on typical, has now not skilled an development in civil liberties and political rights for the final thirty years. This paper will examine features about the endurance of authoritarianism within the quarter. The crucial objective could be to examine what the main reason for the patience of authoritarianism within the MENA is. A secondary target might be to set up no matter if the time period MENA exceptionalism is appropriate, or no matter if the endurance of authoritarianism within the zone could be defined via common theories at the subject.
The paper analyses the explanations why students deem the MENA to be unparalleled, and which variables they think give a contribution to the endurance of authoritarianism within the zone. these arguments are then refuted, arguing as a substitute that rentierism is the significant self sufficient variable with reference to the robustness of authoritarian regimes within the MENA. the focal point then shifts to the concept that of rentierism commonly and extra in particular its relation to grease wealthy nations. eventually the paper appears at how oil bad nations additionally reap the benefits of rents and the way it truly is attainable that degrees of authoritarianism in oil wealthy nations usually are not highly stricken by oil rate fluctuations.

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Persistence of Authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa: Rentierism: A Paradigm in Distress? by Ralph Myers

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