By Paul R. Wylie
at the morning of January 23, 1870, troops of the 2d U.S. Cavalry attacked a Piegan Indian village at the Marias River in Montana Territory, killing many greater than the army’s count number of 173, such a lot of them girls, kids, and previous males. The village used to be bothered with smallpox. Worse, it used to be the incorrect encampment. meant as a retaliation opposed to Mountain Chief’s renegade band, the bloodbath sparked public outrage whilst information assets printed that the battalion had attacked Heavy Runner’s blameless village—and that publications had informed its under the influence of alcohol commander, significant Eugene Baker, he used to be at the flawed path, yet he struck besides. Remembered as probably the most heinous incidents of the Indian Wars, the Baker bloodbath has usually been overshadowed through the better-known conflict of the Little Bighorn and hasn't ever bought complete therapy until eventually now.
writer Paul R. Wylie plumbs the background of Euro-American involvement with the Piegans, who have been individuals of the Blackfeet Confederacy. His study exhibits the tribe was once buying and selling furs for whiskey with the Hudson’s Bay corporation ahead of Meriwether Lewis encountered them in 1806. As American fur investors and trappers moved into the quarter, the U.S. govt quickly undefined, making treaties it didn't honor. while the gold rush begun within the 1860s and the U.S. military arrived, strain from Montana electorate to regulate the Piegans and make the territory secure led Generals William Tecumseh Sherman and Philip H. Sheridan to ship Baker and the second Cavalry, with tragic outcomes. even if those generals sought to dictate press insurance thereafter, information of the cruelty of the killings seemed within the New York Times, which known as the bloodbath “a extra stunning affair than the sacking of Black Kettle’s camp at the Washita” years earlier.
whereas different students have written concerning the Baker bloodbath in similar contexts, Blood at the Marias gives this notorious occasion the definitive remedy it merits. Baker’s inept command lit the spark of violence, yet a long time of anxiety among Piegans and whites set the degree for a brutal and too-often-forgotten incident.
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Extra info for Blood on the Marias: The Baker Massacre
Blood on the Marias: The Baker Massacre by Paul R. Wylie